Business, Markets & Economic | Financial news

Money markets key interbank lending rates ease

* 3-mo Libor rate eases* 3-month euro/dollar cross currency basis swap narrows* U.S. money funds bank more aggressively on EuropeBy Ellen FreilichNEW YORK, March 21 After pricing out some of the expectations for a third round of quantitative monetary easing, some U.S. interest rates eased a bit on Wednesday, but in the interbank lending market, three-month Libor eased after having been flat for several days. The benchmark three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) fixed at 0.72357 percent on Wednesday, down from 0.73214 percent on Tuesday. The three month euro/dollar cross currency basis swap , another gauge of dollar funding risk, narrowed to minus 58 basis points, the tightest in nine months.

The measure, which widens in times of funding stress when investors compete for dollars, has gradually tightened from November's minus 167.5, a level not seen since the aftermath of Lehman Brothers' collapse in late 2008. The relaxation was said to be tied to good economic data, especially from the United States, and optimism among some investors about euro zone sovereign debt. Three-year loans from the European Central Bank (ECB) have also contributed mightily to alleviating worries about counterparty risk. After a week of mainly adding risk, investors tried the reverse tack on Wednesday with global stocks drifting lower and safe-haven government debt prices rising. Last month, however, the latest period for which data was available, figures on taxable money funds showed those funds ready to participate a little more aggressively on Europe.

Money fund holdings of French bank deposits, commercial paper and repo increased by 14 percent, returning to their October level. Since these holdings troughed in December, French bank exposures have increased by 72 percent, but are still half what they were in May 2011, said Barclays Capital market analyst Joseph Abate."After reducing their exposures too far, money funds appear to be looking for a 'happy medium' between the two extremes," he said.

Scandinavian, German, and UK holdings by money market funds were largely unchanged in February. Weighted average maturities of money fund European bank exposures also lengthened in February, consistent with overall market "risk on" sentiment, Abate said. As firms lock in low rates by borrowing for longer periods, the weighted average maturity on commercial paper outstanding has lengthened to 47 days from 39 in September, he said. As interbank lending rates have eased, money fund investors looking for returns benefited from increases in overnight repo rates from January's single-digit basis points to the low teens to mid-20s. The rise in repo rates combined with managers' willingness to extend average maturities has contributed to a marginal rise in money market yields, analysts said."Clearly, investors and businesses are growing more comfortable with the course of events, not just in the United States, but in Europe," Deborah A. Cunningham, chief investment officer for the taxable money markets and senior portfolio manager at Federated Investment Management Company, wrote in an analysis published earlier this month."On an historical basis, the current inflation rate combined with improving economic fundamentals would indicate the federal funds target rate easily could be 1 percent, or even 2 percent, and still be considered very accommodative," she said. "Indeed, in any other environment, a 1 percent target funds rate would seem extremely low. Now, it would seem like nirvana."

Money markets short term funding conditions improve

* Funding conditions for non-U.S. banks improve * Demand ebbs for 3-month part of Fed's liquidity swap lines * Euribor rates hit 16-month low; may fall to record By Ellen Freilich NEW YORK, March 5 A drop in demand for three-month dollars the European Central Bank auctioned to replace money it lent to European banks in December shows non-U.S. banks' access to short-term funding has improved. The ECB made the loans through the Federal Reserve's central bank dollar liquidity swap program, originally started in December 2007 to address severe strains in global short-term dollar funding markets. Demand in the most recent auction for three-month dollars offered by the ECB through the program fell to less than a third of what it was in December as European banks rolled over just $14.5 billion of the $51 billion in maturing loans. "In December, people wanted to make sure they had dollars for year end, but at the replacement auction, they only replaced about $14 billion of it and the total amount outstanding in the Fed's liquidity program will go down as a result," said Joseph Abate, market analyst at Barclays Capital in New York. The development is consistent with Libor rates, which have been easing, and a rise in both the level and average duration of financial commercial paper outstanding. All the trends suggest the "the sense of urgency about getting dollars has abated a little bit," Abate said. That auction of three-month paper occurred against the backdrop of the ECB's longer-term refinancing operation and augurs well for banking system stability. "The LTROs (Long Term Refinancing Operation) were extremely effective against having another Lehman-type freeze up," said James Kee, chief economist at South Texas Money Management in San Antonio, Texas, refering to the Wall Street investment firm whose collapse in 2008 is thought to have played a major role in the global financial crisis. "We're not out of the woods yet, but I'm hoping market moves (on funding concerns) will become less and less severe as markets become more and more convinced that the global financial system is not at risk of collapse," Kee said. Abate said markets are in a multi-year period where fear intensifies and then settles down again. The Fed re-established its central bank dollar liquidity swap program when funding strains re-emerged in May 2010. The swap lines have been extended several times since then. "The Fed doesn't want its central bank liquidity swap lines to become permanent, but it hasn't been able to build the escape velocity to leave this all behind," he said. "Things start to get better and then some other exogenous shock comes and knocks the market back on its heels again. "You need to get confidence restored so people wouldn't hoard liquidity every time something happens," he said. The ability of European banks to fund dollar-denominated assets they own in the private market has improved and interbank lending rates could keep heading lower as a result, said Pierre Ellis, senior economist at Decision Economics. Euro zone interbank lending rates headed toward record low levels on Monday. But liquidity is not the whole story and thus the declines could start to occur more gradually, Ellis said. "The liquidity issue for European banks has been resolved, but now you're looking at the inherent risk of their portfolios which is tied to the outlook for the European economy," he said. Three-month Euribor fixed at a fresh 16-month low of 93.4 basis points on Monday. The rate has fallen every day since Dec. 19, declining by nearly 50 bps in that period. Euribor futures showed the rate was forecast to be 82 bps at the March contract expiry on March 19. In the U.S. short-term debt markets, prospects for lower repo rates into the end of the month and for reduced bill supply heading into the middle of the second quarter partnered with attractive yields to draw buyers to the Treasury's auctions of three-month bills last week and this week, said Thomas Simons, money market economist at Jefferies & Co. Demand for the six-month Treasury bill auction was less fervent.